Aristide Maillol is a French painter, sculptor and upholsterer. Best known for his monumental sculptures of female nudes made in a classical and simplified aesthetic, Maillol develops a unique figurative style that resembles that of the classical Greek statues. He creates shapes using powerful lines and installs his statues in public places outside of any architectural context. He was influenced by Paul Gauguin and other Nabi artists. Maillol had an influence on modern sculptors such as Constantin Brancusi, Jean Arp and Henry Moore. Born on December 8, 1861 in Banyuls-sur-Mer, France, he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1881 after having tried to enter several times. Maillol created many commissioned works, including a monument depicting the post-impressionist painter Paul Cézanne. Today, three of his sculptures appear along the grand staircase of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York. Maillol died on September 27, 1944 in Roussillon, France.